Melasma is a common hyperpigmentary disorders which can be triggered/worsened by sun exposure and hormonal changes. Unfortunately, there is no cure and often recurs after treatment. Therefore, the key to the successful management of melasma is to address all underlying causes for melasma as well as preventing the recurrence after the initial successful treatment. A combination of medical therapies and laser toning can improve melasma.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is another common hyperpigmentary condition caused by inflammation on the skin such as acne, eczema, trauma or cosmetic procedures (peels, microneedling, laser etc.). Sometimes it may fade with time over months to years but there are treatments to speed up this process such as laser toning, prescription cream or iontosonophoresis combined with skin lightening ingredients to deliver the lightening actives to deeper layer of the skin where the pigmentation tends to be found.
Freckles & Age spots (Lentigines)
Freckles and age spots (lentigines) are more superficial pigmentation which can be removed successfully with lasers but there is a high risk of recurrence, especially with sun exposure. Some maintenance gentle laser treatment can keep it under control for longer duration.
Other pigmentary conditions
Some pigmentary disorders such as naevus of Ota, ABNOM, Café Au Lait macules are caused by increased number of cells containing pigments rather than increased production of pigments (melanin). Therefore, topical skin lightening cream is not effective and it is best to be treated with laser. We have various pigment lasers to target different depth/type of pigmentation.
There are wide differential diagnosis of hyperpigmentation and it is important to get the diagnosis right before the treatment. Dr Jinah Yoo has extensive experience in hyperpigmentation from her clinical work as well as observerships in the world’s leading pigment centres in USA, South Korea and Singapore. We can provide the best care for hyperpigmentation using our expertises and most advanced laser devices.
Hyperpigmentation Programme has been designed for patients with mixture of various hyperpigmentation affecting different layers of the skin such as melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, freckles and lentigines.
Topical treatment is often not effective if there is deeper pigmentation and laser toning is able to target deeper pigmentation using low energy every 1-2 weeks for 5-10 sessions.